High Blood Pressure Treatments
High blood pressure or hypertension strains your heart, kidneys, eyes and other organs over time, resulting in deteriorating function that can lead to severe medical conditions, including stroke and heart attack. Dr. Ali and his team at Noydeen Medical Group in Conway, Arkansas monitor each patient’s blood pressure regularly since persistently elevated blood pressure requires treatment and further evaluation to identify underlying factors that increase the risk of complications from high blood pressure, such as diabetes and coronary artery disease.
High Blood Pressure Q & A
What is high blood pressure?
Blood pressure is a two-part measurement of the force that blood exerts as it flows through your arteries. The upper or systolic number measures the pressure on your artery walls when your heart is pumping blood. The lower or diastolic number measures the pressure exerted while your heart relaxes between beats. Normal blood pressure readings generally fall below 120/80 and those equal to or higher than 140/90 are considered hypertensive.
What causes high blood pressure?
High blood pressure is identified as either primary or secondary in nature. Related to genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors, causes of primary hypertension include poor diet, smoking, lack of exercise, chronic heavy alcohol consumption, obesity, family history, gender, and age. Secondary hypertension occurs in conjunction with underlying conditions such as diabetes, kidney disease, thyroid disorder, or other medical issues. Some medications also increase blood pressure levels.
What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?
Unfortunately, high blood pressure has few symptoms until major organs such as the heart or kidneys suffer damage. Thus, the best way to determine whether you have normal or high blood pressure is through routine checks, which are recommended for all individuals over 18. If you are over 40, are overweight, have a family history of hypertension, or have other risk factors linked to hypertension, Dr. Ali may recommend home blood pressure monitoring or more frequent office visits for blood pressure checks.
How is high blood pressure treated?
Dr. Ali utilizes a multi-pronged approach for treating high blood pressure that’s tailored to the individual and may include one or more antihypertensive medications and recommendations for increased exercise, improved diet, and other lifestyle modifications. Other treatment measures may include further diagnostic evaluation to rule out underlying risk factors such as diabetes or kidney disease. Successful blood pressure management relies heavily on a patient’s willingness to adhere to guidelines regarding medication and other treatment protocols prescribed by Dr. Ali and his team.